Archaeology of the Lower Fraser River Region


Mike K. Rousseau, Antiquus Archaeological Consultants Ltd. Maple Ridge, B.C.; Kisha Supernant, Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta; Jordan Eng; Pierre A. Friele, Cordilleran Geoscience; Vanessa P. Chang; Jeanne E. Arnold, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles; David M. Schaepe, Stó:lō Research & Resource Management Centre, Stó:lō Nation; Naxaxalhts’i Albert 'Sonny' McHalsie, Stó:lō Research & Resource Management Centre, Stó:lō Nation; Brian Pegg, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Cloverdale, B.C.; Kathryn Bernick, Research Associate, Royal British Columbia Museum; Dana Lepofsky, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University; Michael Lenert; Morgan Ritchie, Sts’ailes; Chris Springer, Simon Fraser University; Duncan McLaren, Cordillera Archaeology; Brendan Gray, Cordillera Archaeology; Becky Wigen, Cordillera Archaeology; Stanley A. Copp, Langara College; Emily Wilkerson, Golder Associates Ltd.; Ryan Sagarbarria, Golder Associates Ltd.; Michael J. Taylor, Golder Associates Ltd.; Adrian J. Sanders, Rhizome Cultural Heritage Research and Consulting; Peter Merchant, University of British Columbia; Peter Vigneault, BC Hydro; Ryan Dickie, Amec Foster Wheeler; Bruce F. Ball; Morley Eldridge, Millennia Research Limited; Douglas E. Ross, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University; Andrew R. Mason, Golder Associates Ltd.; Chris Arnett, Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia; Jesse Morin; Natasha Lyons, Ursus Heritage Consulting; Roy L. Carlson, Simon Fraser University


Since Charles Hill-Tout’s pioneering investigations at the famous Marpole site in the terminal 1800s, a considerable number of significant and richly informative archaeological studies have been conducted within the Lower Fraser River Region of southwestern British Columbia. As a result, a great deal has been revealed and learned about pre-contact period and early post-contact period human occupation, settlement, and use of natural resources. The majority of these projects have occurred within the last 50 years due to routine culture resource management assessment and mitigation studies required for land-altering developments, and there have also been several purely research-based investigations that have contributed new and significant data. While detailed unpub- lished final reports are available for most of these past archaeological studies, results from only a few have been summarized and formally published. Consequently, in order to gain a broad and comprehensive understanding of the human occupational history of the Lower Fraser River region, researchers have been compelled to seek out these many reports individually, and then wade through their often lengthy and dry contents in search of new, interesting, comparative, or otherwise useful information.

Recognizing a glaring and long overdue need to round up and publish summary accounts for many of these studies in a single volume that would be widely available to all, in 2011 I approached Dr. Roy Carlson, Department of Archaeology at SFU, and related that I would be willing to solicit and edit chapters if Archaeology Press would publish it. Dr. Carlson instantly and graciously agreed, and shortly thereafter I sent out a call for chapter submissions to our professional community. The initial response from our colleagues was immediate and overwhelming, with over 50 chapter abstracts being submitted within a few weeks.


  • Cover
  • Front Pages
  • Table of Contents
  • Acknowledgements
    Mike K. Rousseau
  • Preface
    Mike K. Rousseau
  • Chapter 1. Lower Fraser River Region Landscapes
    Mike K. Rousseau
  • Chapter 2. Archaeological Petroforms of the Lower Fraser River Canyon
    Kisha Supernant
  • Chapter 3. The Significance of Linear Grooves at Petroglyph Site DjRi-31 near Yale, B.C.
    Jordan Eng
  • Chapter 4. The South Yale Blockfield: An Enigmatic Landform in the Lower Fraser River Canyon, B.C.
    Pierre A. Friele
  • Chapter 5. Previous Archaeological Investigations and Mid-Holocene Subsistence Practices at the South Yale Site (DjRi 7)
    Mike K. Rousseau, Vanessa P. Chang
  • Chapter 6. Excavations in Captain Charlie’s Pithouse at Ts’qó:ls Village (DiRi 1), Hope, B.C.
    Jeanne E. Arnold, David M. Schaepe, Naxaxalhts’i Albert 'Sonny' McHalsie
  • Chapter 7. Cultures in Conflict: Archaeology of Colonialism in the Fraser Canyon
    Brian Pegg
  • Chapter 8. Archaeological Basketry from the Fraser Valley: A Technological and Stylistic Review
    Kathryn Bernick
  • Chapter 9. Excavations at Iy’oythel: A Ts’elxwéyeqw Pithouse Settlement in the Chilliwack River Valley
    David M. Schaepe, Mike K. Rousseau
  • Chapter 10. High Elevation Archaeology and Cognitive Ecology in the North Cascades of British Columbia with a View to and from Lhílheqey (Mount Cheam)
    David M. Schaepe
  • Chapter 11. Choppers in Context at the Mccallum Site
    Dana Lepofsky, Michael Lenert
  • Chapter 12. Excavation at Lhó:leqwet Rock Shelter on the Harrison River
    Morgan Ritchie, Chris Springer
  • Chapter 13. Six Facets of Quartz Crystal Tools from the Stave River
    Duncan McLaren, Brendan Gray
  • Chapter 14. Sturgeon as Staple: Fishing Strategy at the Ruskin Dam Site (DhRo-59) on the Stave River
    Brendan Gray, Becky Wigen, Duncan McLaren
  • Chapter 15. The Early and Middle Pre-Contact Periods at Fort Langley National Historic Site (DhRp-36)
    Stanley A. Copp
  • Chapter 16. Cultural Chronology and Spatial Lithic Analysis at DhRp-52
    Emily Wilkerson
  • Chapter 17. Pre-Contact Period Use of Sling Weaponry in Pitt Polder
    Ryan Sagarbarria
  • Chapter 18. The Occupational History of the Stave Watershed
    Duncan McLaren
  • Chapter 19. An Overview of the Port Douglas Town-Site (DkRm-1)
    Michael J. Taylor
  • Chapter 20. Holocene Human Occupation and Use of the Slapus/Lelachen Locality in the Lower Lillooet River Valley
    Adrian J. Sanders, Peter Merchant
  • Chapter 21. An Early Period Occupation at Lelachen (DkRn-1) in the Lower Lillooet River Valley
    Peter Vigneault, Ryan Dickie
  • Chapter 22. The Marpole Site – The Great Fraser Midden: A Retrospective of Archaeology and Historical Changes
    Bruce F. Ball
  • Chapter 23. Wet Site Components of St. Mungo (DgRr-2) and Glenrose (DgRr-6) Canneries
    Morley Eldridge
  • Chapter 24. Archaeology of Asian Labour Migration at a Fraser River Salmon Cannery
    Douglas E. Ross
  • Chapter 25. Early Houses in the Lower Fraser River Region
    Andrew R. Mason
  • Chapter 26. Rock Art of the Lower Fraser River Region
    Chris Arnett
  • Chapter 27. Ground Stone Celt Production and Use in the Lower Fraser River Region
    Jesse Morin
  • Chapter 28. Plant Production Practices of Ancient First Nations in the Lower Fraser River Region
    Natasha Lyons
  • Chapter 29. The Fraser River Salish as Innovators
    Roy L. Carlson
  • References
  • Back Cover


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May 18, 2017