Huu7ii: Household Archaeology at a Nuu-chah-nulth Village Site in Barkley Sound


Denis E. St. Claire; Alan D. McMillan, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University; Gay Frederick, Pacific Identifications Inc.; Iain McKechnie, Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia; Ursula Arndt, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University; Dongya Yang, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University; Ian D. Sumpter; Beth Weathers; Marlow G. Pellatt, Parks Canada Agency


Archaeology, Ethnography, Northwest Coast, Pacific Northwest, Vancouver Island, Nuu-chah-nulth, Household archaeology, Village site, Faunal analysis, Fish remains, aDNA, Paleoethnobotany, Pollen record, Paleoecology


This volume presents the results of a collaborative project with the Huu-ay-aht First Nation, a Nuu-chah-nulth group near Bamfield on Vancouver Island’s west coast. It reviews ethnographic and ethnohistoric data on Huu-ay-aht territory and provides detailed descriptions and analysis of excavated materials from the site of Huu7ii, an ancient Huu-ay-aht village with an occupation span of nearly 5,000 years. The major focus is on the excavation of one very large house, argued to be a chiefly residence. Appendices present specific contributions to the research by Gay Frederick (vertebrate faunal analysis), Iain McKechnie (fish remains from the column samples), Ursula Arndt and Dongya Yang (aDNA of cetacean remains), Ian Sumpter (invertebrate faunal analysis), Beth Weathers (paleoethnobotany), and Marlow Pellatt (paleoecology and the pollen record). The results make a significant contribution to our knowledge of the Nuu-chah-nulth past and to household archaeology on the Northwest Coast.


  • Frontmatter
  • Complete Book
  • Table of Contents
  • Acknowledgements
  • Transcription of Nuu-chah-nulth Terms
  • Chapter One: Introduction: The Site and the Project
  • Chapter Two: Huu-ay-aht Ethnography and History
  • Chapter Three: Excavation at House 1
  • Chapter Four: Huu7ii House 1 and Nuu-chah-nulth Household Archaeology
  • Chapter Five: Huu7ii Back Terrace
  • Chapter Six: Summary and Discussion
  • References Cited
  • Appendix A: Vertebrate Fauna from the Huu-ay-aht Archaeology Project: Results from the 2006 Huu7ii Village Excavations and Summary of 2004 and 2006 Data
    Gay Frederick
  • Appendix B: Zooarchaeological Analysis of the Indigenous Fishery at the Huu7ii Big House and Back Terrace, Huu-ay-aht Territory, Southwestern Vancouver Island
    Iain McKechnie
  • Appendix C: Ancient DNA Analysis of Whale Bones from Huu7ii
    Ursula Arndt, Dongya Yang
  • Appendix D: Invertebrate Fauna Analysis – Huu7ii Village, Diana Island, Barkley Sound
    Ian D. Sumpter
  • Appendix E: Rooted in the Past: Paleoethnobotany of Huu7ii
    Beth Weathers
  • Appendix F: Paleoecological Analysis of Late-Holocene Pollen Records from the Huu7ii Bog, Diana Island, B.C.
    Marlow G. Pellatt


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April 24, 2017